IMZ-Ural (Irbit Motorcycle Factory) is a Russian maker of heavy sidecar motorcycles.
In 1940, the Soviet Union acquired the design and production techniques for BMW R71 motorcycles and sidecars.The first M-72 model was finished in 1941. Originally, factories were to be located in Moscow, Leningrad (now Saint Petersburg), and Kharkov, but due to the approach of Nazi German troops, the Moscow facilities were moved to Irbit, and the Leningrad and Kharkov facilities to Gorkiy (now called Nizhny Novgorod).
The main products today are the heavy duty Ural sidecar motorcycles with two-wheel-drive designed for rough, rugged terrain, and cT model for urban commuting and paved road touring. There are many places in Russia where poor roads, or a lack of roads, makes horses and URAL motorcycles necessary to transport gear. URAL motorcycles have four-stroke, (as of 2014) fuel injected air-cooled, flat-twin engines, a four speed gear box with reverse gear, shaft drive, two disc dry clutch, spring shock absorbers, and (as of 2014) disc brakes on all three wheels. The company has developed an engine that meets the standards required by the modern sporting and leisure rider. Though the outward appearance of the engine is the same as before, new quality control techniques employ better alloying and casting, better engineering tolerances, and better paint, powder coating and stainless steel exhausts while retaining the advantage of continuity with the inherently balanced design of a horizontally-opposed flat twin engine with roller bearings in a solid frame.
The motorcycles are mainly exported to Australia, the UK, France, Netherlands, Belgium, Spain, Greece, Norway, Finland, Iceland, Sweden, Germany, Egypt, Iran, South Africa, Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay, and the US. The number sold since the factory was founded exceeds 3.2 million. IMZ-Ural is the only Russian manufacturer of large capacity motorcycles and one of few manufacturers of sidecar motorcycles in the world.
AvtoVAZ formerly known as VAZ (Volzhsky Avtomobilny Zavod or Volga Automobile Plant) is a Russian automobile manufacturer. The company is best known for its flagship series of Lada vehicles. In the Soviet Union, its products used various names, including Zhiguli, Oka, and Sputnik which were phased out in the 1990s and replaced by Lada for the Russian market.
AvtoVAZ produces over 400,000 cars a year, under its Lada brand as well as the cars of Renault-Nissan Alliance brands: Renault, Nissan and Datsun. The AvtoVAZ factory is the largest car manufacturer in Russia and Eastern Europe.
Ulyanovsk automobile plant
Ulyanovsk automobile plant is the Russian manufacturer of the legendary SUVs UAZ, light commercial vehicles and vans, proven as a reliable supplier under the state defense order of many countries.
GAZ – Gorky Automobile Plant is a Russian automotive manufacturer located in Nizhny Novgorod. It is the core company of GAZ Group Holding, a part of Basic Element business group. The headquarters of GAZ Group is located in Nizhny Novgorod. Russian Machines Corporation is the controlling shareholder in OAO GAZ.
GAZ is Russia’s top producer of commercial vehicles. Company’s product portfolio includes light and medium-duty commercial vehicles, heavy-duty
trucks, buses, engines and over 500 types of special vehicles.
KAMAZ Group of Companies
KAMAZ Group of Companies is the largest automobile corporation in the Russian Federation. KAMAZ PTC is one of the world’s top 20 heavy duty truck producers and ranks 16th by production volumes of heavy-duty trucks with GVW exceeding 16 tonnes. Production capacity is 71 thousand vehicles a year.
The company is part of Rostec State Corporation.
By early April 2018, the KAMAZ automobile plant had built more than 2 million 252 thousand finished trucks since the production launch.
The charter capital of KAMAZ comprises 35.36 bn rubles. The largest blocks of stock are owned by the government and commercial banks.
One single production base of KAMAZ PTC Group of Organizations incorporates the overall truck manufacturing cycle, beginning fr om design, manufacture, assembly of vehicles and components and ending up with sales of finished products and service backup.
The process flow group of companies includes several major plants involved in truck making business. The following operations are located on the industrial site in Naberezhnye Chelny: Foundry and Forge Plant, Engine Plant, Press and Stamping Plant, Automobile Plant, Repair and Tool Making Plant, Master Industrial Park. Major subsidiaries situated outside the limits of the City of Naberezhnye Chelny are NEFAZ PTC and TZA PTC (Republic of Bashkortostan).
KAMAZ Group of Companies comprises 109 organizations based in Russia, the former Soviet Union republics and other foreign countries.
By now, the enteprises of KAMAZ PTC’s process chain have employed nearly 36,000 persons.
In 2017, KAMAZ sold 38,000 trucks. 33,000 vehicles of them were sold on the Russian market – a 18% growth year over year. For 2017, 5,000 KAMAZ vehicles and vehicle sets were exported, including 3.6 thous. vehicles and vehicle sets for the former Soviet Union republics.
KAMAZ is for the 14th time recognized as The Best Russian Exporter.
KAMAZ’s share of the Russian heavy truck market is about 45%.